A Brief History of Thangka
Thangka was initiated in India from the time of Buddha. It was first, a drawn art on white cloth relating to Buddha Dharma, according to Buddha’s direction made prepared the wheel of life ‘Sidpakhorlo’ by King Bimviswar, the King of Magada, as a gift for his own friend King Utrayana in which four noble truths are shown. Like this he first made prepared the drawing art of Buddha for present to his friend Utrayana and these both art had become the first Buddhist thangka painting in the world. Thangkas are painted with water color on cotton canvas and mounted in silk brocade.
Thangka Painting in China
The thangka painting related to Buddha was flourished in China since before 17 hundred years. At the time Buddhism was wide expended in China. The people of China had learnt the Buddhist art from India.
Thangka Painting in Tibet
In 7th century or 14 hundred years ago from the initiation of Buddha Dharma in Tibet by King Srongchen Gompo, the people of Tibet were learnt thangka painting from Nepal. After that, the artists of Tibet too learnt related arts of Boudha Dharma from China and they developed many more other arts. For example Changti, Menti, Uti, Khamti, Karmgati, Gyanakluk groups etc. Among these Menti and Changti are most famous. Many Chinese arts are affectedly impressed in thangka arts.
Thangka Painting in Nepal
Though its history is long, it was limited in Kathmandu valley. Later on after the flourishment of Buddha Dharma in Tibet it’s impression was not only in Nepal but also in the Himalayan regions and as well the Boudhist arts or thangka painting also widely developed.